Wavelet based multiresolution expectation maximization image reconstruction algorithm for positron emission tomography (PET)

Amar Raheja, Atam P. Dhawan

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Maximum Likelihood (ML) estimation based Expectation Maximization (EM) reconstruction algorithm has shown to provide good quality reconstruction for PET. Our previous work introduced the multigrid (MG) and multiresolution (MR) concept for PET image reconstruction using EM. This work transforms the MGEM and MREM algorithm to a Wavelet based Multiresolution EM (WMREM) algorithm by extending the concept of switching resolutions in both image and data spaces. The multiresolution data space is generated by performing a 2D-wavelet transform on the acquired tube data that is used to reconstruct images at different spatial resolutions. Wavelet transform is used for multiresolution reconstruction as well as adapted in the criterion for switching resolution levels. The advantage of the wavelet transform is that it provides very good frequency and spatial (time) localization and allows the use of these coarse resolution data spaces in the EM estimation process. The multiresolution algorithm recovers low frequency components of the reconstructed image at coarser resolutions in fewer iterations, reducing the number of iterations required at finer resolution to recover high frequency components. This paper also presents the design of customized biorthogonal wavelet filters using the lifting method, which are used for data decomposition and image reconstruction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)385-396
Number of pages12
JournalProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
Volume3661
Issue numberI
StatePublished - Jan 1 1999
Externally publishedYes
EventProceedings of the 1999 Medical Imaging - Image Processing - San Diego, CA, USA
Duration: Feb 22 1999Feb 25 1999

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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