WiFi-enabled smart human dynamics monitoring

Xiaonan Guo, Hongbo Liu, Bo Liu, Yingying Chen, Cong Shi, Mooi Choo Chuah

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

40 Scopus citations

Abstract

The rapid pace of urbanization and socioeconomic development encourage people to spend more time together and therefore monitoring of human dynamics is of great importance, especially for facilities of elder care and involving multiple activities. Traditional approaches are limited due to their high deployment costs and privacy concerns (e.g., camera-based surveillance or sensor-attachment-based solutions). In this work, we propose to provide a fine-grained comprehensive view of human dynamics using existing WiFi infrastructures often available in many indoor venues. Our approach is low-cost and device-free, which does not require any active human participation. Our system aims to provide smart human dynamics monitoring through participant number estimation, human density estimation and walking speed and direction derivation. A semi-supervised learning approach leveraging the non-linear regression model is developed to significantly reduce training efforts and accommodate different monitoring environments. We further derive participant number and density estimation based on the statistical distribution of Channel State Information (CSI) measurements. In addition, people’s walking speed and direction are estimated by using a frequency-based mechanism. Extensive experiments over 12 months demonstrate that our system can perform fine-grained effective human dynamic monitoring with over 90% accuracy in estimating participants number, density, and walking speed and direction at various indoor environments.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationSenSys 2017 - Proceedings of the 15th ACM Conference on Embedded Networked Sensor Systems
EditorsRasit Eskicioglu
PublisherAssociation for Computing Machinery, Inc
ISBN (Electronic)9781450354592
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 6 2017
Externally publishedYes
Event15th ACM Conference on Embedded Networked Sensor Systems, SenSys 2017 - Delft, Netherlands
Duration: Nov 6 2017Nov 8 2017

Publication series

NameSenSys 2017 - Proceedings of the 15th ACM Conference on Embedded Networked Sensor Systems
Volume2017-January

Conference

Conference15th ACM Conference on Embedded Networked Sensor Systems, SenSys 2017
Country/TerritoryNetherlands
CityDelft
Period11/6/1711/8/17

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Computer Networks and Communications

Keywords

  • Channel State Informaiton (CSI)
  • Commodity WiFi Devices
  • Human Dynamics Monitoring

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