Wildfire Monitoring in Remote Areas using Autonomous Unmanned Aerial Vehicles

Fatemeh Afghah, Abolfazl Razi, Jacob Chakareski, Jonathan Ashdown

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

56 Scopus citations

Abstract

In this paper, we propose a drone-based wildfire monitoring system for remote and hard-to-reach areas. This system utilizes autonomous unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) with the main advantage of providing on-demand monitoring service faster than the current approaches of using satellite images, manned aircraft and remotely controlled drones. Furthermore, using autonomous drones facilitates minimizing human intervention in risky wildfire zones. In particular, to develop a fully autonomous system, we propose a distributed leader-follower coalition formation model to cluster a set of drones into multiple coalitions that collectively cover the designated monitoring field. The coalition leader is a drone that employs observer drones potentially with different sensing and imaging capabilities to hover in circular paths and collect imagery information from the impacted areas. The objectives of the proposed system include: i) to cover the entire fire zone with a minimum number of drones, and ii) to minimize the energy consumption and latency of the available drones to fly to the fire zone. Simulation results confirm that the performance of the proposed system- without the need for inter-coalition communications- approaches that of a centrally-optimized system.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationINFOCOM 2019 - IEEE Conference on Computer Communications Workshops, INFOCOM WKSHPS 2019
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages835-840
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)9781728118789
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2019
Externally publishedYes
Event2019 INFOCOM IEEE Conference on Computer Communications Workshops, INFOCOM WKSHPS 2019 - Paris, France
Duration: Apr 29 2019May 2 2019

Publication series

NameINFOCOM 2019 - IEEE Conference on Computer Communications Workshops, INFOCOM WKSHPS 2019

Conference

Conference2019 INFOCOM IEEE Conference on Computer Communications Workshops, INFOCOM WKSHPS 2019
Country/TerritoryFrance
CityParis
Period4/29/195/2/19

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Signal Processing
  • Information Systems and Management
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Computer Networks and Communications

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